Adoptionism is the belief that there is only an association of the divine and human in Christ; that is, not a perfect union of the divine and human in the one person of Jesus Christ. The idea is that Christ was born a man, but was adopted by God to be his son. This movement was considered a heresy in the early Christian church, but, today, it is a common belief. Adoptionism, however, is antithetical to most traditional church dogmas, including the Catholic Church.

For more information on Adoptionism, see the links below:


Adoptionism at The Catholic Encyclopedia
Adoptionism: A definition and history
A Brief Synopsis of the Christological Controversy
Doktrin Kristus : Christology
The Doctrine of Christ
Catechism of the Catholic Church, Chapter IV, The Mystery of the Word Made Flesh
"The Three Christological Heresies" by Fred Grigg
"The Adoptionists and the Orthodox Corruption of Scripture" by Bart D. Ehrman
St. Paulinus II, Patriarch of Aquileia
The Council of Frankfort
The Ecumenical Council of Nicea II
Pope Adrian I
Pope St. Leo III
St. Clement of Alexandria
Bl. John Duns Scotus
Jesus: Born of a Woman
"The Truth About Mary: A Summary of the Trilogy" by Robert J. Payesko
"Pastoral Letter on Our Lady" by Theodore E. McCarrick, Archbishop of Newark
Should You Believe in the Trinity?
"Heresy is Cruel" by FitzSimons Allison
"We Would See Jesus" by Douglas John Hall
Beatus Manuscripts
Being Salt and Light
"The Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit" by Jay Rogers
"Christology" by Jay Rogers
"The Doctrine of the Trinity" by J. Daniel Murrell
"The Cosmic Feminine" by Donivan Bessinger
Are Heavenly Father and Christ One God and/or Two Gods?
"The Modalistic Urge" by Andrew Sandlin
Novatian and Novatianism
"The Waldenses Were Independent Baptists" by Thomas Williamson
My Lord and My God by Don C. Warrington
The Oneness of God by David K. Bernard
The Story of Religious Controversy by Joseph McCabe
An Overview of the Ecumenical Councils
Chronology of Christianity

Related Readings

When Jesus Became God : The Epic Fight over Christ's Divinity in the Last Days of Rome
by Richard E. Rubenstein
Our Price: $18.20

The Last Christology of the West : Adoptionism in Spain and Gaul, 785-820
 by John C. Cavadini
Our Price: $39.95

The Christological Controversy
by Richard A. Norris (Editor), William G. Rusch (Editor)
Our Price: $13.60

by Hans Schwarz
Our Price: $20.00

Consider Jesus : Waves of Renewal in Christology
by Elizabeth A. Johnson
Our Price: $14.95

Deconstructing Jesus
by Robert M. Price
Our Price: $22.36

God Crucified : Monotheism and Christology in the New Testament
by Richard J. Bauckham
Our Price: $9.60

The Holy Spirit in the Life of Jesus : The Mystery of Christ's Baptism
by Raniero Cantalamessa, Alan Neame (Translator)
Our Price: $4.76

The Incarnation: Collected Essays in Christology
by Brian Hebblethwaite
Our Price: $22.95

An Introduction to New Testament Christology
by Raymond Edward Brown
Our Price: $9.56

The Word Became Flesh : A Contemporary Incarnational Christology
by Millard J. Erickson
Our Price: $24.99

Crimes of Perception : An Encyclopedia of Heresies and Heretics
by Leonard George
Our Price: $29.95

The Cruelty of Heresy : An Affirmation of Christian Orthodoxy
by C. Fitzsimons Allison, George Carey
Our Price: $11.96

The Earliest Christian Heretics : Readings from Their Opponents
by Arland J. Hultgren (Editor), Steven A. Haggmark (Editor)
Our Price: $24.00

Heresies : Heresy and Orthodoxy in the History of the Church
by Harold O. J. Brown
Our Price: $14.47

Heretics : The Other Side of Early Christianity
by Gerd Ludemann, John Bowden (Translator)
Our Price: $20.26

The Doctrine of God
by Gerald Bray
Our Price: $12.79

Making Sense of the Trinity : 3 Crucial Questions (3 Crucial Questions)
by Millard J. Erickson, Grant R. Osborne (Preface)
Our Price: $9.59

The Trinitarian Controversy (Sources of Early Christian Thought)
by William C. Rusch (Editor)
Our Price: $17.00

The Trinity and the Kingdom : The Doctrine of God
by Jurgen Moltmann, Margaret Kohl (Translator)
Our Price: $16.00

The Trinity and the Paschal Mystery : A Development in Recent Catholic Theology
by Anne Hunt
Our Price: $15.96

The Tripersonal God : Understanding and Interpreting the Trinity
by Gerald O'Collins
Our Price: $13.56


Webmaster: Brent Dean Robbins

Click Here!